Web Design Glossary
In some respects creating and maintaining a website is getting easier as we approach the 25th anniversary of the World Wide Web, in other respects it is getting more complicated. And the area getting the most complicated is in designing a website so it can keep pace with the competition in the search engine rankings. The real marker of success is not how your website looks, no it’s where it shows up in the search engine results pages (SERP).
- Web Host
Generally a business that provides storage space for your website on one of their servers for a fee. You upload your website code to the hosts computers and then they serve that code to to anyone on the web who wants to see your information. A server is the same thing as your computer only it push out info onto the web instead of pulling it on the computer.
- Web Domain
Each website has an address that is a number computers can read but it would be a burden for people to remember all the numbered addresses of the websites they want to go to. So the numbers are turned into understandable names or Domain Names. This allows you to type About.com instead of a series of numbers to get to that website and it’s easy to remember.
HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. Basicly HTML is a container markup language that surrounds the items you want others to see on your webpage. Items like text, images and videos are surround by elements like <p> if I wanted this text to be its own paragraph I would surround it with the opening ” <p>” and once I had finished typing the text I would end it with a closing element that includes a back slash, the back slash lets the browsers know the paragraph is done… it looks just likes this </p> That’s it, HTML use different elements to surround and then communicate with a web browser.
- XHTML eXtensible HyperText Markup Language
- Web Design
The formatting and style of a web page is created by someone using web design. Web Design is the art of deciding where things will go and how they will look on a web page along with making sure that the page plays well with the many different web browsers that are available.
- Graphic Design
Manipulating, creating and rendering anything to do with graphics on a computer. Computers give a graphic designer the ability to make things that were never there using the graphic tools they can merge many pictures into one or add a new logo to an old picture. Graphic Design is only limited by ones imagination.
- Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
- Content Management System (CMS)
- Markup Language
- Web Accessibility
- Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
- Web Browser
- Web Server
Getting lost on a website is frustrating but it is much less likely if the website designer has been thoughtful enough to include a type of navigation called breadcrumbs. Usually you will find a breadcrumbs just above the content on a page and below the header. Breadcrumbs look like a long string of text that ends with the name of the page you are on, it would be represented like this: home – web-design – web-design-glossary You can follow the trail back to where you started on the home page, just like leaving a breadcrumb trail so your friend or family can follow you, but unlike the breadcrumb trail in the fairytale no birds will be eating this one.
- “Click Here” Most people are familiar with the ever-present Click Here, Read More or maybe just More. These are signals that the site owner wants you to see more information about something, they want you to take action. In fact 99% of words on a website that are underlined are Links or more precisely Hyperlinks. Now-a-days few people still use “Click Here” and instead use a more descriptive word to let both the user and the search engines know something about the link. An example would be if I was writing about ice cream and wanted to share more info about soft serve ice cream I would hyperlink soft serve ice cream and you would know if you click on the link chances are you go to another page with more info about that type of ice cream.